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Pyramid of Menkaure | The Smallest of the Pyramids of Giza

Pyramid of GizaPyramid of Menkaure



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Guided Tour of the Egyptian Museum, Pyramids & the Bazaar
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Half-Day Tour of the Giza Pyramids & Sphinx
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Pyramids, Bazaar and Citadel Tour with Photographer
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Guided Day Tour of Cairo & Giza from Hurghada with Flight Tickets
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Full-Day Tour of Cairo & Giza with Round-Trip Transfers from Hurghada
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Guided Tour of the Pyramids, Sphinx, Egyptian Museum & Bazaar
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8 hr.
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The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the Pyramids of Giza, at just 62 meters tall. Located to the southwest of the other two Pyramids of Giza, it was built by the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Menkaure during the 26th century BC. Of the three Pyramids of Giza, it is the only one that doesn't retain any of its original polished limestone casing. Read on to find out more about this ancient tomb.

What is the Pyramid of Menkaure?

menkaure pyramid

Interesting Facts about the Pyramid of Menkaure

  • Menkaure’s pyramid is the smallest of the Pyramids of Giza and is dwarfed by those of his father and grandfather. 
  • The pyramid’s base is a rough square that measures 102 by 104 meters (335 feet by 343 feet), and it rises up to a height of 62 meters (200 feet). 
  • Originally, Menkaure’’s Pyramid was 66 meters or 213 feet tall but has shrunk over the millennia due to the loss of its outer casing of white limestone. 
  • Some of the granite casing blocks near the entrance of the Pyramid of Menkaure were left unfinished, probably due to the early death of the pharaoh.
  • British Egyptologist Howard Vyse discovered a carved granite sarcophagus inside the pyramid in 1837, but it was removed and subsequently lost at sea.
  • In 1197 AD, a Sultan of Egypt attempted to demolish the Pyramid of Menkaure but eventually had to give up as it was just too expensive.

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Menkaure and the Pyramids of Giza

pyramid of menkaure
Pyramid of Menkaure

When to visit the Pyramid of Menkaure?

The Giza Necropolis is open from 7 AM to 6 PM between April to September and from 8 AM to 4 PM from October to March. The Pyramid of Menkaure is one of the smallest pyramids in the Giza Necropolis. You can secure a Pyramids of Giza map to navigate around the Giza complex seamlessly.
The best time to visit the Pyramids of Giza is around October to March. While you may see a surge in hotel prices since the winter months attract a large number of tourists, the weather in Giza is ideal for outdoor exploration. The summer months often get unbearably hot in the afternoon hours. If you plan to visit during summer, try to reach early in the morning or visit in the evening.

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Where is the Pyramid of Menkaure located?

Pyramids of Giza location

About the Pyramid of Menkaure

Pyramid of Menkaure
Pyramid of Giza
Pyramid of Menkaure
Pyramid of Menkaure

Frequently Asked Questions about the Pyramid of Menkaure

What is the Pyramid of Menkaure important?

The Pyramid of Menkaure was constructed during the Old Kingdom period in ancient Egypt, making it one of the oldest and most well-preserved relics of the past. The Giza pyramids also reflect the religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians on death and the afterlife. The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three main pyramids of Giza, built to house the tomb of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure.

Who built the Pyramid of Menkaure?

The Pyramid of Menkaure was built under the supervision of Pharaoh Menkaure around 2490 to 2472 BC. He was the fifth pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt's Old Kingdom. This pyramid is the smallest and southernmost pyramid in the Giza complex.

How did the Pyramid of Menkaure get damaged?

The Pyramid of Menkaure was damaged in 1196 AD by Al Aziz Uthman, the Sultan of Egypt. He hired a number of workers to demolish the temple of Menkaure. However, he underestimated the cost and manpower required to destroy such a huge structure. His efforts, however, have left a long gash on the northern face of the Pyramid of Menkaure.

What is inside the Pyramid of Menkaure?

The inside of the Pyramid of Menkaure has a number of chambers carved with decorative panels. The burial chamber is lined with granite blocks and once contained the king’s black stone sarcophagus. Most pyramids in the Giza complex have similar interiors, filled with narrow complexes and passageways and lined with ancient hieroglyphics on their surfaces.

Can you go inside the Pyramid of Menkaure?

Yes, if you have booked Pyramids of Giza tickets, you can go inside the Pyramid of Menkaure. However, depending on your ticket, you might have to pay an additional fee to explore the Pyramid of Menkaure interiors.

When did Menkaure build this pyramid?

The Pyramid of Menkaure was built under the supervision of Pharaoh Menkaure around 2490 to 2472 BC. This pyramid was constructed to house the tomb and treasures of Pharaoh Menkaure. Ancient Egyptians believed that these pyramids would help their pharaohs continue their journeys into the afterlife.

How tall is the Pyramid of Menkaure?

While it is the smallest of the three Pyramids of Giza, Menkaure’s Pyramid stands at 65 meters (or 213 feet) tall. It is situated after the Pyramid of Khafre, in the southernmost corner of the Giza complex.

Can I buy tickets to visit the Pyramid of Menkaure?

Yes, you can purchase Pyramids of Giza tickets that include access to the Pyramid of Menkaure. Depending on the ticket you purchase, you may have to pay an additional fee to explore the inside of the Pyramids.