Step back in time to explore the awe-inspiring Pyramids of Giza, a testament to the engineering brilliance of ancient Egyptians. Nestled in the Giza Necropolis, a short distance from Cairo, these imposing structures were meticulously crafted over 4500 years ago. These pyramids were erected as tombs for three revered Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt- Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure during the fourth dynasty of the Old Kingdom.
Alongside the three main pyramids, the Giza plateau boasts an array of smaller pyramids and temples, accompanied by the enigmatic Great Sphinx of Giza, a marvel in its own right. Read on as we unravel the history, architecture, and allure of these extraordinary structures, showcasing the brilliance and ingenuity of ancient Egyptians.
The Pyramids of Giza Complex includes many ancient wonders, including the three pyramids themselves, temples, burial tombs, and more.
Around the Pyramids of the three Pharaohs, there are smaller pyramids belonging to the pharaohs’ queens, mothers, and daughters. These include the tombs of Queen Khentkaus I, and Queen Hetepheres.
This is where the workers who built the Pyramids of Giza lived. It was discovered in 1988 by archaeologist Mark Lehner on the southeast side of the Giza necropolis, where the bakeries and breweries built for the workers still are!
Each of the Giza Pyramids have a number of attached temples, including a valley temple were where the bodies of the pharaohs were prepared for burial, and a mortuary temple where priests worshipped the deceased pharaohs.
The Pyramids of Giza are iconic colossal structures located near Cairo in Egypt. They were built in ancient times as elaborate tombs to house their Pharaohs. The Pyramids of Giza comprise 3 main pyramids- the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure. The Great Pyramid is celebrated as one of the seven wonders of the world and the entire Giza Pyramid Complex is preserved as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Pyramids of Giza are an integral part of Egypt’s history, serving as tombs for their Pharaohs and housing their treasures. They represent a connection between the world of the dead and the living world, as per ancient Egyptian beliefs. People from all over the world visit the Pyramids of Giza year after year to marvel at the level of engineering and planning required to build these magnificent structures.
Visiting the Pyramids of Giza offers you the opportunity to connect with the ancient Egyptian world and explore one of the most enduring symbols of human history. You can explore the inner chambers of the Great Pyramid, look at the distinctive casing stones of the Pyramid of Khafre, and marvel at the Pyramid of Menkaure. The Great Sphinx, with the body of a lion and the head of a Pharaoh, is an excellent spot for clicking pictures.
The best way to book Pyramid of Giza tickets is to get them online. Booking tickets online in advance allows you to bypass long lines and have a hassle-free touring experience. You can also choose between a variety of Pyramid of Giza tours and avail of discounted prices.
Depending on your itinerary and the kind of experiences you want to have, you can choose between half-day or full-day guided tours of the Pyramids of Giza. A half-day tour of the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx ranges around $34. You can also choose a half-day tour with a Nile River Felucca boat tour which costs around $40.5. If you love yourself a bit of an adrenaline rush, you can also book a quad biking tour of the Pyramids of Giza. The biking tour allows you to get up close to the monumental structures and appreciate them in all their glory.
Yes, we recommend you book guided tours of the Pyramids of Giza to learn more about ancient Egyptian beliefs and the speculations surrounding the construction of the pyramids. Depending on your itinerary, you can book half-day guided tours to the Pyramids and the Great Sphinx or choose a full-day guided tour of the Pyramids, Sphinx, Saqqara, and Dahsur.
The Pyramids of Giza were built by several skilled workers from the poorer sections of society under the leadership of various Pharaohs. It took around 30 years to complete a single pyramid. These monumental structures are a standing testament to the excellent planning and engineering skills of the ancient Egyptians.
The Pyramids of Giza were built as royal burial tombs for 3 different Pharaohs. The oldest and northernmost Pyramid, also known as the Great Pyramid was built for Pharaoh Khufu, the second king of the 4th dynasty. The middle Pyramid was constructed for Pharaoh Khafre. And, the southernmost Pyramid was built for Pharaoh Menkaure, the fifth king of the 4th dynasty.
The Giza Pyramid Complex consists of three main pyramids and the Great Sphinx, all of which were constructed around 2600 BC. The largest and northernmost pyramid, also known as the Great Pyramid was built for Pharaoh Khufu. The middle pyramid was dedicated to Pharaoh Khafre. And, the last and comparatively smallest pyramid houses the tomb of Pharaoh Menkaure. It is estimated that each pyramid took about 30 years to be completed.
The Pyramids of Giza are estimated to be approximately 4,500 years old. They were built during the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt, with the construction of the Great Pyramid, starting around 2600 BCE. These ancient structures have stood the test of time and continue to be a testament to the remarkable engineering and architectural skills of the ancient Egyptians.
The northernmost pyramid attributed to Pharaoh Khufu, also known as the Great Pyramid is the oldest pyramid in the Giza Complex. This pyramid was built during the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt between 2500 BC to 2600 BC. It is celebrated as one of the seven wonders of the world for its sheer size, precise engineering, and cultural significance.
In the present day, it may be difficult to accurately determine the actual height of the Pyramids of Giza owing to their outer casing stones having waned over the centuries. Scholars have estimated that the Great Pyramid is around 146.6 meters. The Pyramid of Khafre is slightly smaller at 136.4 meters and the Pyramid of Menkaure is around 65 meters.
The Great Pyramid attributed to the Pharaoh Khufu is the oldest and biggest pyramid in the Giza Complex. It was built to function as an elaborate tomb for the Pharaoh and to store his riches. The monumental structure is also celebrated as one of the seven wonders of the world for its enduring fame and cultural significance.
The Pyramids of Giza are a remarkable engineering feat. Several skilled laborers and engineers carried out the construction process. It is said that stones were quarried from nearby sources and were moved using sleds, rollers, and lubrication. Ramps, made from mudbricks provided a gradual incline for laborers to carry stones to the higher levels. They used simple tools like plumb bobs and leveling instruments to ensure precise alignment of the stones.
Upon entering the Pyramids of Giza, you will find a series of chambers and passageways that served specific functions related to the burial of the Pharaohs. This innermost chamber where the sarcophagus of the Pharaohs are placed is typically the most ornate, featuring hieroglyphs and inscriptions on the walls. The burial chamber and some of the passageways also have corbelled ceilings, a distinctive architectural feature where the stones are layered in a stepped fashion to create a pointed arch. In addition to the burial chamber, the pyramids also have antechambers and empty halls, that were mostly built for structural purposes.
Yes, you can go inside all three pyramids with your Pyramids of Giza tour tickets. You can also explore some of the surrounding Queen’s Pyramids with these tickets.
It is advisable not to climb or perform stunts on the outside of the Pyramids of Giza. These pyramids are ancient ruins, an integral part of Egyptian culture. If you try to climb on the outside, you may harm the limestone casing stones.
The Pyramids are open to the public from 7 AM to 6 PM from April to September and from 8 AM to 4 PM from October to March. Public holidays and weekends generally attract a large number of tourists. To enjoy relatively smaller crowds, consider visiting the pyramids on weekdays early in the morning.
While the Pyramids of Giza are not the most ideal spot to navigate for wheelchair users, there are ramps and elevators to make certain areas more accessible. If you have any special requirements, please check the ticket details for more information on accessibility options and assistance during your visit.
There is no specific dress code that you have to follow when visiting the Pyramids of Giza. However, if you plan to explore the entire area along with the surrounding historical sites, it is best to wear clothing that covers your knees and shoulders. It will also protect you from the scorching heat of the desert. Wear comfortable footwear because you have to cross uneven terrain and rocky surfaces to explore the pyramid interiors.