The Giza Necropolis is one of the most popular attractions in Egypt, with millions of visitors each year. It is an iconic archaeological site, famous for housing the three massive pyramids, the Great Sphinx, and a variety of other structures and monuments that are some of the most recognizable and historically significant in the world. Before you plan a visit, read on to find out more about what you will find at the Giza Necropolis.
The Giza Necropolis, or the Giza Complex, includes many ancient wonders, including the three Pyramids of Giza, temples, burial tombs, and more.
Near the Pyramids of the three Pharaohs, there are smaller pyramids belonging to the pharaohs’ wives, mothers, and daughters. Important ones are the tombs of Queen Khentkaus I, and Queen Hetepheres.
Every pyramid has a valley temple connected to it by a causeway. This was where the bodies of the pharaohs were prepared for burial and mummified. Today you can still see those of Khafre and Menkaure.
Attached to each pyramid is a mortuary temple, or a funerary temple. This was where priests performed daily funerary rites to worship the deceased pharaohs, and priests presented offerings of food and other items to them.
The thousands of workers who spent years building the pyramids also built a small community for themselves. Here you will find their barracks, as well as bakeries, breweries, kitchens, and even a rudimentary hospital.
Near the Great Pyramid of Khufu is the Solar Boat Museum. Also known as “Khufu's Boat Museum,” it houses a reconstruction of the pharaoh’s solar barque, the ship buried with the king to use on his journey across the heavens.
The Giza Necropolis is located on the outskirts of Cairo, around 15km away from the Cairo city center. The most convenient and budget-friendly way to reach the pyramids is to get a metro from Line 1 of Cairo. Upon reaching Giza, you can take a microbus or a tour bus to reach the Pyramids.
The Giza Necropolis houses the world-renowned Pyramids of Giza, which is celebrated as one of the seven wonders of the world. These pyramids represent the engineering achievements of ancient Egyptians. The Giza archaeological site also reflects the cultural, religious, and funerary practices of the ancient Egyptians, providing insights into their beliefs, rituals, and society.
The Giza Necropolis was built around 4500 years ago during the Old Kingdom period in Egypt to house the tombs and treasures of their Pharaohs. The Pyramids were constructed to provide the Pharaohs with the necessary provisions for their journey into the afterlife.
The Giza Necropolis was built under the supervision of three Pharaohs- Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. These monumental Pyramids were constructed to house the tombs and treasures of these Pharaohs and to provide the necessary provisions to guide their spirits in the afterlife.
The Giza Necropolis is around 4500 years old, having been constructed during the Old Kingdom period in Egypt. The Pharaoh Khufu first laid the foundation of the Great Pyramid, the northernmost structure in the complex, and the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure were built after.
There are three big Pyramids- the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure, the Great Sphinx of Giza, smaller pyramids like the Queen’s pyramids, cemetery tombs, Valley temples, and more inside the Giza Necropolis.
Inside the Pyramids of Giza, you will typically find a series of chambers and passageways designed for the burial of the pharaohs. The interior structures can vary somewhat from one pyramid to another, but typically there is a burial chamber, King’s chamber, Queen’s chamber, ascending and descending passageways, antechambers, and ventilation air shafts inside.
Yes, you can explore the interiors of the Pyramids of Giza at the Giza Necropolis. You must book Pyramids of Giza tickets online in advance to avoid standing in long lines on the day of your visit. You can also secure Giza Necropolis tours that include professional Egyptologist guides to learn more about the history and architecture of the Pyramids.
The Giza Necropolis is open from 7 AM to 6 PM during the peak tourist season, from April to September. They are open from 8 AM to 4 PM from October to March.